Dating randolph county il
At this point the Mississippi, which usually defines the border between Illinois and Missouri, is entirely in Illinois.
The Mississippi changed its course in the late-nineteenth century, leaving Kaskaskia, the former state capital, on the west side of the river.
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The county's boundaries were last changed in 1827, when land was taken to form Perry County.
The Mississippi River has played a prominent role in the county's history, altering its boundaries in 1881 when it severed the isthmus that connected Kaskaskia to the Illinois mainland, destroying the original village of Kaskaskia and forcing its historic cemetery to be relocated across the river to Fort Kaskaskia.
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In 1809, when Illinois became a separate territory, Territorial Secretary Nathaniel Pope, in his capacity as acting governor, issued a proclamation establishing Randoloph as one of the Illinois' two original counties.
Crains Island , southeast of Chester, is another enclave of Illinois west of the Mississippi that was created by a change in the river's course.
The Kaskaskia River flows into the Mississippi River in Randolph County.
George Rogers Clark of the army of Virginia captured the area from the British on July 4, 1778, near the end of the Revolutionary War.
The area then became the seat, for several years, of Illinois County, Virginia, although the Congress of the Confederation legislated the existence of the Northwest Territory on July 13, 1787.Of the 12,314 households, 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals.